Thanksgiving usually is a celebration of gratitude and feasting in the tradition of the Pilgrims. But that satisfactory sense of plenty may not resonate with Americans this year, considering the current economic problems.
And, in truth, that satisfaction certainly was not shared by the Pilgrims at that “First Thanksgiving.” Like many Americans today, they were feeling some discontent and desperation.
When the Pilgrims landed in North America during 1620, they brought with them the strong entrepreneurial spirit that is an important part of the United States’ economic and cultural consciousness. Entrepreneurship still is the foundational rock of capitalism, just as solid as the famed Plymouth Rock. And in today’s challenging economy, we should take a lesson from our Pilgrim legacy.
Although Jamestown was settled during 1607 for profiteering purposes, the Pilgrims’ Plymouth Colony really was the start of America. The Mayflower carried families of religious dissenters, the ship’s crew, planters, workers and servants. To embark on such a journey, they all had to have some sense of adventure, a tolerance for risk and a calling to create something new, all of which are entrepreneurial traits.
New World venture capital was difficult to obtain, much like credit is today in the wake of the financial crisis. To fund their enterprise, the Pilgrims entered into a partnership with English investors. They accepted a high credit interest rate: a seven-year contract, at the end of which all lands and profits would be split evenly between the investors and the colonists.
To achieve their strategic objective, the inventive Pilgrims used skills that are valued today. For example, in a survey conducted by The Boston Consulting Group last year, businesses said that innovation is one of their top three priorities; 40 percent said it’s their first priority.
The first winter in the Plymouth Colony was hard, and more than half of the Pilgrims perished. They continued to face meager harvests and hunger, rescued only by long-awaited supply ships from England. Part of the difficulty was that the equalization-of-assets policy created conflict and dulled the motivation to work.
When Gov. William Bradford authorized privatization during 1623, each family received its own portion of corn and land and became its own business concern. The result was increased corn harvests and more general success for the colony.
The Pilgrims demonstrated that entrepreneurial expertise produces results. Today, more than 54 percent of Fortune 500 companies list entrepreneurial skills as a valuable attribute for new recruits, according to the Zell Lurie Institute. Some things just don’t change.
There is a need for entrepreneurs at this moment in U.S. history, and they require solid financial knowledge and skills to develop successful businesses. We should utilize proven financial education programs to inspire America’s future entrepreneurs to effective action. Then they can be forces for positive change in the world, just as the Pilgrims were.
Barry Straub is project management principal of FedEx and chairman of Junior Achievement of Southern Colorado Inc.