The string of gains since July followed declines in May and June. Those had raised worries that the country could be in danger of toppling back into recession. Economists caution that while the economy is growing, the expansion is not strong enough to lower face high unemployment and offset weak income growth.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said during a speech Friday in Boston that the Fed is prepared to take further steps to rejuvenate the economy by buying Treasury bonds. But he said Fed policymakers are wrestling with how big the program should be.
The Fed is widely expected to announce a Treasury buying program at their next meeting Nov. 2-3. The Fed’s bond purchases would be intended to lower long-term interest rates to stimulate buying and spending and help lower unemployment.
Bernanke also indicated that policymakers are trying to craft a plan to strengthen the economy and lift inflation from super-low levels.
His comments were delivered as the Labor Department reported inflation outside volatile food and energy costs was flat for the second straight month. And in the past 12 months, core prices rose only 0.8 percent, the smallest yearly gain in more than 49 years.
The sluggish economy is keeping a lid on prices. Consumers are holding back on spending, with unemployment high and wages stagnant. That makes it difficult for retailers to pass on any price increases.
Consumer spending is closely watched because it accounts for 70 percent of economic activity.
Retail sales rose 0.6 percent in September, the Commerce Department reported Friday. That followed an even better 0.7 percent August increase, the biggest advance since March.
The gains have economists revising their forecasts for economic growth in the July-September quarter.
Paul Dales, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics, said he has changed his forecast for consumer spending to between 2.5 percent and 3 percent, up from 2 percent. That would support overall economic growth of around 3 percent in the third quarter – much stronger than the 1.7 percent in the second quarter, he said.
Excluding autos, sales rose 0.4 percent in September after a 1 percent August gain. Auto sales, which had fallen 0.5 percent in August, rose 1.6 percent in September, the best showing since March. Economists had predicted the September increase in auto sales based on reports from automakers. Those reports showed sales during the month had come in at an annual rate of 11.76 million units, slightly better than the August pace. Still, it was far below the pre-recession level of 16 million sales in 2007 – just before the recession began.
The strength outside of autos came in big gains at furniture stores. Sale in that category rose 0.5 percent, the best showing since July. Electronic and appliance stores posted a 1.5 percent rise, the best since February. Sales at hardware stores rose 0.6 percent, the biggest increase since April.
Sales at general merchandise stores, a broad category that includes department stores and the nation’s big chains such as Wal-Mart and Target, showed no increase last month. But the flat reading followed a 0.5 percent jump in August, which had been fueled by back-to-school shopping and discounting by many retailers.
Sales at specialty clothing stores dropped 0.2 percent in August after posting a 0.5 percent rise in July.
Even with the solid overall gain in September, analysts did not view it as a sign the economy is getting set to take off.
The concern is that consumer spending will not rebound until households have the income growth to spend at a faster pace. And the income growth will not come until businesses start hiring back laid-off workers at a stronger clip.
The Labor Department reported last week that the nation’s unemployment rate remained stuck at 9.6 percent in September. The country saw a net loss of 95,000 jobs.
Unemployment has been at or above 9.5 percent for a year and two months, the longest stretch since the Great Depression.
The overall economy grew at an anemic pace of just 1.7 percent in the April-June quarter. Many analysts believe the economy will limp along at a rate below 2 percent in the last half of this year.