The jobs crisis eased a bit in October as companies stepped up hiring, suggesting further gains ahead.
Hiring remains far too weak to drive down unemployment, now stuck at 9.6 percent. And the newly elected Congress will come under pressure to take steps to accelerate job growth.
Still, the burst of hiring – 159,000 net jobs added by private employers – raised hopes that companies are finally emerging from the hiring stall seen during much of the summer.
The previous big spurt of job growth – a healthy 241,000 – came in April. Private companies have now added jobs for 10 straight months. That shows that recession-battered companies have regained some appetite to hire after slashing jobs for nearly two straight years in a row.
While saying he was pleased with the improvement, President Barack Obama conceded the economy still isn’t creating enough jobs for the nearly 15 million people out of work.
Offering an olive branch to the new Congress, which convenes in January, the president said he is “open to any idea, any proposal, any way we can get the economy growing faster so that people who need work can find it faster.”
Earlier this week, voters angry over the jobs shortage handed control of the House to Republicans. The Senate stayed in Democrats’ hands. The split will make it harder for Obama to enact any new major economic initiatives. There’s little appetite among Republicans to provide a fresh dose of government spending to stimulate the economy. They warn against further swelling the nation’s $1.3 trillion budget deficit.
House Speaker-to-be John Boehner of Ohio said the top of his to-do list is extending Bush-era tax cuts that expire at the end of the year and cutting government spending.
“Our economy will ultimately recover, but it will do so because of hard work and entrepreneurship, not more of the same Washington spending sprees and job-killing policies the American people have repudiated so loudly and clearly,” Boehner said after the latest employment figures were released.
When government job cuts – which totaled 8,000 last month – are factored in, the economy added 151,000 jobs in October, the Labor Department’s report showed Friday. It marked the first increase in total payrolls in five months. All the momentum came from private companies.
“Companies are starting to deploy their cash stash and increase hiring, as consumers are opening their wallets a little wider,” said Sal Guatieri, economist at BMO Capital Markets Inc.
That all bodes well for helping energize the fragile economy. The Federal Reserve’s announcement that it will buy $600 billion in bonds, to lower interest rates and try to get Americans to spend more, might also give the economy a lift.
Even so, unemployment isn’t expected to budge much this year. Economists think it could take until near the end of this decade to drop the jobless rate closer to a more normal 6 percent.
There were 14.8 million people unemployed in October. Adding those people to others who are working part time but would prefer full-time jobs and those who have given up looking for work, nearly 27 million are “underemployed.”
That’s 17 percent of the labor force. It’s down a bit from September’s 17.1 percent because fewer people were forced into part-time jobs last month. Still, the new “underemployed” figure remains close to a record high set last year.
Economists say it would take up to 300,000 new jobs a month to reduce the unemployment rate significantly.
The crater of losses created by the recession will take years to emerge from. To date, 7.5 million jobs have vanished since December 2007, when the recession started. At the current pace of job creation, it would take roughly seven years to recover those losses.
Most of the job gains last month came from the lower-paying services sector. Those jobs also tend to have few, if any, benefits.
Retailers added nearly 30,000 jobs last month. Temporary-help firms added nearly 35,000 jobs. Administrative and support services jobs grew by 41,000. Bars and restaurants added 24,400 jobs. Higher paying jobs at factories were cut by 7,000. Accounting and bookkeeping jobs shrank by nearly 5,000. Jobs at hospital grew by 5,100, while computer designer jobs were up 7,500.
Despite the mix of jobs, economists sounded optimistic that more gains would be made in the months ahead.
“The employment market may have gone through an inflection point,” economist Sung Won Sohn of California State University.
“The overall job picture in October was much better than anticipated. Services sectors led the parade. Retailers have begun to hire for the holiday shopping season. With consumers in a better mood, it is hoped that they will splurge during the season.”